F a c e l e The History
fun and passion    

HOME  Museum  History  Shop  Games   Link



     The History

1930 The Texas Instruments was founded officially as GSI (Geophysical Service Incorporated), which deals with geological surveys for oil industry GSI 1951 the name change and became Texas Instruments Incorporated.

1951 GLI Changed his name and became Texas Instruments Incorporated.

1954 TI launched a technological revolution creating the first silicon transistor, which will soon obsolete germanium, and beginningthe production of the first transistor radio, the Regency TR-1.

1955 TI made the first infrared image sensor.
1958 for the work of Jack St. Clair Kilby, developed the first integrated circuit (chip), or a series of passive and active electronic components in a circuit but connected, able to perform a specific function and are implemented on a single platform semiconductor material using a single process. The invention of the integrated circuit in 2000 will be worth at Kilby the Nobel Prize for physics. Also in 1958, TI made the first analog to digital converter.


1964 TI is launching a new family of digital-logic devices (Series 7400) technology, TTL (Transistor-transistor logic), the wide variety of logic functions offered by these devices available, the decree will become a worldwide success standard adopted by most semiconductor companies.

1967 TI developed the first prototype of a pocket calculator. This is a project called Cal Tech and is represented by a calculator integrated circuits capable of performing the four basic arithmetic operations with a precision of 12 decimal places. The keyboard consists of 18 keys and the results of the calculations is displayed on a paper tape by a small built-in thermal printer. The Cal Tech, however, is not the first pocket calculator business model as the first pocket calculator, developed in collaboration with their IT, will be sold by Canon in 1970, the not insignificant price of $ 400 for that period.

1972 TI enters the market with the TI-2500 Datamath model, the cost of only $ 150. The calculator used for the first time a single chip to perform all math functions. The device is the ancestor of the modern microprocessor, the invention of which is attributed to both the RT to Intel.

1975 TI enters the market with quartz digital watches.

1978 TI developed the first microprocessor for speech kicking off the first production of portable language translators, and a line of teaching aids speakers including the "Speak & Spell," or "Il Grillo Parlante" and immortalized in the famous film Steven Spielberg, ET.


1981 TI debut in the world of home computers with the model equipped with a TI 99 TI 16-bit microprocessor, the TMS9900. The computer, equipped with a 13-inch monitor is designed to work with special boxes that contain magnetic memory management programs, entertainment or educational software and comes with an interesting voice module that can be used to reproduce stored documents. The market reaction to the launch of TI 99 is good but the initial price of the computer ($ 525) is still considered excessive. In the same year launched a major operation of commercial promotion and marketing that includes the involvement of schools and universities. The number of users of the TI 99 is growing rapidly and will grow the library of software available. Under the pressure of the increased sales volume and especially the increasingly fierce competition, the TI reduces the price of the TI 99 and only $ 299 in April 1982 appears to be the leading producer of home computer. In early 1983, TI will further reduce the price of his computer at $ 100 and sells its millionth copy distribution network now includes more than 20,000 stores around the world and are more than 2000 software packages developed.

1982 TI produced its first DSP (digital signal processor), a microprocessor from highly specialized functions that can run fast times in digital signal processing.
1988 sees the light of the first device Digital Light Processing (DLP) projectors that will be used on commercial video only from the early years of the twenty-first century.


In the mid-nineties the company alive, perhaps one of its most difficult moments. The cyclical nature of the semiconductor market seems to increase and big moments of elation are racing moments of deep depression and instability. The company, similar to what happens for various companies competing, he decided to quit the business sectors to greater volatility, including that of personal computers, the military, that of DRAM and software and focus on those sectors where may have and maintain a position of commercial and technological supremacy. Several production centers are closed or sold to competitors and thousands of redundant employees worldwide. At this time the sale of Italian sites located in Rieti and TI Avezzano and the closure of the Aversa.